As 2022 comes to a close, it’s clear that this has been a restless year for both threat actors and cybersecurity professionals.

The year started off with a bang as the industry worked around the clock to detect and patch the Log4j vulnerabilities following a mid-holiday disclosure. The cyber sector remained in a perpetual busy season as new technologies like cryptocurrency wallets were hacked, non-profit organizations and health insurance providers suffered data breaches, and entire government systems experienced ransomware attacks – not to mention the prevalence of Russian cyberwarfare which signaled the need for heightened security across the globe.

But for every hack, data breach, and ransomware attack that occurred, there were thousands prevented by global cybersecurity practitioners. There’s a lot of innovation and collaboration to celebrate as we turn the page to 2023.

As we enter the new year, we asked our global team to chime in on the trends they anticipate. From machine learning and software supply chain attacks to the cybersecurity shortage and cyber insurance, our team sees big things ahead.

Table of Contents

  1. There will be an emphasis on machine learning security, threats, and vulnerabilities.
  2. Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) will help mitigate software supply chain attacks.
  3. The way organizations approach pentesting will become more continuous.
  4. Cyber insurance will become a leading driver for investment in security.
  5. By the end of next year every major financial institution will have announced adoption of blockchain technology.
  6. We will see industry aligned compliance regulations with real penalties.
  7. Training programs will have even more emphasis placed on them to narrow the employment gap.
  8. We expect to see an increase in cloud-agnostic application designs – and corresponding configuration and application vulnerabilities.
  9. The breach and attack simulation market is in the midst of its evolution.

There will be an emphasis on machine learning security, threats, and vulnerabilities. 

“Machine learning (ML) is already deployed in numerous technologies, especially those concerned with security — for example email filters, security information and event management (SIEM) dashboards, and endpoint detection and response (EDR) products. If you thought you could delay ML security conversations, think again. There is a growing group of security researchers focused on Adversarial ML, which includes both attacks on models themselves (inversion, extraction, cloning, etc.) and the use of ML in network attacks and social engineering.  

In the upcoming year, we’ll see a growing list of vulnerabilities being published for ML-integrated systems. Additionally, we’ll see a large amount of research focused on evading classification models to improve attacker success rates as well as some of the first notable “model duplication” incidents — where one entity is accused of cloning a model or attackers release “cloned models” of sensitive classifiers and advanced prediction engines. Privacy is often overlooked when thinking about model training, but data cannot be completely anonymized without destroying its value to ML. In other words, models already contain swaths of private data that might be extracted as part of an attack. While many companies claim to have ‘private enterprise models’, I suspect we’ll begin seeing data breaches from model extraction research.” — Nick Landers, VP of Research, NetSPI

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) will help mitigate software supply chain attacks.  

“Over the last few years, there have been several ‘supply chain compromises’ that boil down to an unauthorized code submission. In response to those attacks, many software providers have started to bake more security reviews and audit controls into their SDLC process. Additionally, the companies consuming software have beefed up their requirements for adopting/deploying 3rd party software in their environment. However, neither really solves the core issue, which is that anyone with administrative access to the systems hosting the code repository can bypass the intended controls. As a result, we expect to see software supply chain attacks continue into 2023 and we need a solution.  

This is where distributed ledger technology (DLT) comes in. DLT can basically be used as a database that enforces security through cryptographic keys and signatures. Since the stored data is immutable, DTL can be used anytime you need a high integrity source of truth. That comes in handy when trying to ensure the security of open-source projects (and maybe some commercial ones). DLT could be a real asset in stopping supply chain attacks and though the adoption of DTL is still in its infancy, we’ll see some interesting use cases gain momentum in 2023.” — Scott Sutherland, VP of Research, NetSPI 

The way organizations approach pentesting will become more continuous. 

“The perimeter is essentially dead, so the way organizations approach pentesting has to evolve. The attack surface has become more fluid so you have to be able to scan for new assets and entry points continuously. In 2023, organizations will combine traditional pentesting, which in many cases will still be required for regulatory needs, with the proactive approach of a continual assessment of their attack surface. The result will be better awareness of the attack surface and more comprehensive traditional pentesting as there is more information about the true attack surface.” — Chad Peterson, Managing Director, NetSPI

Cyber insurance will become a leading driver for investment in security. 

“Cyber insurance will become a leading driver for investment in security and IT controls. Carriers and brokers will continue to increase underwriting requirements with the goal of not paying out on claims. The challenge for CISOs, CROs, CIOs, CFOs and Board of Directors is that the carriers will use requirements focused on avoiding claims meaning another “compliance” requirement on top of the existing ones. While there may be evolution to acceptance of SOC 2, NIST, ISO and other certifications, the expense will be there for years.” — Norman Kromberg, Managing Director, NetSPI 

By the end of next year every major financial institution will have announced adoption of blockchain technology. 

“There is a notable trend of Blockchain adoption in large financial institutions. The primary focus is custodial offerings of digital assets, and private chains to maintain and execute trading contracts. The business use cases for Blockchain technology will deviate starkly from popularized tokens and NFTs. Instead, industries will prioritize private chains to accelerate business logic, digital asset ownership on behalf of customers, and institutional investment in Proof of Stake chains.  

By the end of next year, I would expect every major financial institution will have announced adoption of Blockchain technology, if they haven’t already. Nuanced technologies like Hyperledger Fabric have received much less security research than Ethereum, EVM, and Solidity-based smart contracts. Additionally, the supported features in business-focused private chain technologies differ significantly from their public counterparts. This ultimately means more attack surface, more potential configuration mistakes, and more required training for development teams. If you thought that blockchain was “secure by default”, think again. Just like cloud platform adoption, the promises of “secure by default” will fall away as unique attack paths and vulnerabilities are discovered in the nuances of this tech.” — Nick Landers, VP of Research, NetSPI

We will see industry aligned compliance regulations with real penalties. 

“Regulations will continue to evolve and become more prescriptive. Regulations need to be much more mature, stringent, and punitive. Organizations must be held accountable for their inaction in the area of cybersecurity. For far too long organizations have not taken cybersecurity seriously enough. No longer is it okay for an organization to act as though it wasn’t their fault or that they weren’t culpable for a breach that occurred. At the very least regulations must hold organizations accountable for the implementation of “Minimum Necessary” cybersecurity controls with heavy penalties for non-compliance. Organizations will be held accountable for basic cybersecurity hygiene. If an organization is unable to meet the most basic standards, a regulator will require a third-party to take over Cybersecurity Program execution (and the organization will be mandated to cover the associated costs). Like the FDA, we will start seeing industry aligned compliance regulations with real penalties that will force compliance and organizational change. The key will be enforcement and penalties.” — Ron Kuriscak, Managing Director, NetSPI

Training programs will have even more emphasis placed on them to narrow the employment gap. 

“2023 will continue to be a jobseeker’s market as many organizations continue to hire cybersecurity talent. With the current cybersecurity shortage demand continues to outweigh supply. Cybercrime magazine predicts that there will still be 3.5 million cyber openings come 2025 — a staggering number to think about, but it’s not changing anytime soon. Training programs, like NetSPI University, will have even more emphasis placed on them to narrow that employment gap. NetSPI U has contributed to the scaling of our consulting team immensely (100+ hires through NetSPI U since 2018). If other organizations can figure out how to hire for team/culture fit and train cybersecurity specific skills through similar programs, the talent gap will continue to lessen. Additionally, in-depth but quick interview processes have become instrumental in hiring top talent before the competition — gone are the days of a drawn-out interview process as candidates are on and off the market extremely fast.” — Heather Crosley, VP People Operations, NetSPI 

We expect to see an increase in cloud-agnostic application designs – and corresponding configuration and application vulnerabilities. 

“Almost every company we work with is building in the cloud or in the process of migrating to it. While companies may dabble in many cloud platforms, they deploy the vast majority of their infrastructure in one primary platform. As part of that effort, many companies have built their applications using cloud-native, platform-specific technologies. For many companies, that initial transition to the cloud provides them with new performance benefits and the ability to truly scale applications and/or services for the first time. However, the downside to this is that after they’ve spent all of those R&D dollars on their initial deployments, they may want to move their applications and/or services to another cloud platform (for a variety of reasons, including cost) but they can’t pivot without a herculean effort (and additional cost). To avoid this problem in the future many companies are investing dev dollars into cloud-agnostic application designs, which tend to rely on both Kubernetes and containers like Docker. Changing our collective mindset about the “right way” to build and deploy applications in that direction introduces a whole new set of configuration and application vulnerabilities that many companies are not prepared to address. Given the trends from previous years, we expect to see some growth in products and services in that space over the next year.” — Karl Fosaaen, VP of Research, NetSPI  

The breach and attack simulation market is in the midst of its evolution. 

The Breach and Attack Simulation (BAS) market is in the middle of its evolution, and we can expect to see some useful incremental improvements as we turn the page on the year. At a high level, customers really value a human component but many BAS solutions in the market don’t offer that today. This will lead to service companies growing in the product space and products moving toward the services space. As a result, most security companies will need to provide a hybrid of technology-enabled services just to stay competitive in the next few years. 

However, to meet customer demand in 2023, more BAS platforms will offer robust modules to simulate flexible command and control, email stack, and native cloud platform attack procedures, as well as the ability to create or customize modules in a meaningful way. Additionally, we’ll see an increase in streamlined product deployments (most likely in the form of SaaS-based offerings) and integrations, as well as improvements in validation inconsistencies and an increase in BAS solutions that offer meaningful data insights.  

To reduce the costs needed for configurations, we’ll see more BAS companies working to streamline their product deployments to help reduce the overhead on their customers. We’ll also see innovations created to help streamline the integration process and limit the need for customization. It is also a challenge to verify that every attack module run by a BAS platform was delivered, executed, and completed successfully. However, it’s even harder to accurately determine if the action was blocked (and by what), determine if an alert was generated, and verify the alert triggered the creation of a proper response ticket. Which is why this year, I believe we’ll see strides made to improve validation inconsistencies. Finally, we’ll see an increase in BAS solutions in the market that offer meaningful data insights to allow companies to track the detection coverage over time.” — Scott Sutherland, VP of Research, NetSPI 

The cybersecurity industry will certainly be thrown curveballs in 2023 but keeping an eye on these nine trends may just help you stay one step ahead of adversaries and inevitable change. For additional research and insights from Team NetSPI, visit